A commemoration of Muhammad's first revelation, the annual observance of Ramadan is regarded as one of the Five Pillars of Islam and lasts twenty-nine to thirty days, from one sighting of the crescent moon to the next.
Fasting from sunrise to sunset is fard for all adult Muslims who are not acutely or chronically ill, travelling, elderly, pregnant, breastfeeding, diabetic, or menstruating. The spiritual rewards of fasting are believed to be multiplied during Ramadan.
The first and last dates of Ramadan are determined by the lunar Islamic calendar. Other important dates include 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th and 29th night of Ramadan. These nights are called (Taq-raat).
The holiday of Eid al-Fitr which marks the end of Ramadan and the beginning of Shawwal, the next lunar month, is declared after a crescent new moon has been sighted or after completion of thirty days of fasting if no sighting of the moon is possible. Eid celebrates of the return to a more natural disposition (fitra) of eating, drinking, and marital intimacy.
- Date: April 23 2020
- Also Called: Ramazan, Ramzan, Ramadhan, Ramathan
- Celebrations: Community iftars and Community prayers
- Observed By: Muslims
- Religious Type: Muslims